India Energy Statistics 2017



Energy being a strategic commodity plays a significant role in economic development of a country. Energy systems in India have evolved over last six decades along with country’s economic development, supporting the aspiration of 1.2 billion people, within the framework of democratic polity, globally integrated economy and environmentally sensitive regime. Ever increasing demand of energy has posed tremendous pressure on its limited resources and has necessitated optimum use of its resources. India pursued a reformed development agenda since 1991. Significant effort has gone into improving energy availability, as support to country’s development initiatives.

For proper planning, statistics plays a vital role. This publication, 24th in the series is an annual publication of CSO and is a continued effort to provide a comprehensive picture of Energy Sector in India. Energy Statistics is an integrated and updated database of reserves, installed capacity, production, consumption, import, export and whole sale prices of different sources viz. coal, crude petroleum, natural gas and electricity. Energy Balance and Sankey Diagram (Energy flow diagram) further aims to enhance its utility. Some of the data may not match with the previous issues owing to definition or data revision by source ministries.

This is for the first time that theme wise energy indicators are being brought out by CSO as part of Energy Statistics for the use of policy makers as well as for comprehensive reporting. Indicators play a vital role by turning data into information for policy makers and help in decision-making. They also simplify a complex and large information base, thus providing a “synthesis” view of prevailing situation.

Identification of list of indicators depends on various factors as transparency, scientific validity, robustness, sensitivity and the extent to which they are linkable to each other. However no single factor can decide all indicators and all situations since each indicator needs different data sets. The indicators are selected on the guidelines/approach followed by IAEA in their publication “Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies”, which was brought out in corporation with United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), International Energy Agency (IEA), Eurostat and European Environmental Agency (EEA).

The data in the publication has been sourced from the subject Ministries of the Government of India. The co-operation and support provided by these Ministries/Departments in compiling this publication is appreciated. I also appreciate the efforts of the officers of Economic Statistics Division, Central Statistics Office in bringing out this publication in a time bound manner. I hope the publication will prove to be useful to the policy makers, planners and researchers working in field of Energy. It shall be CSO’s endeavour to continuously improve the publication both in content and design with the help of user feedback and data source agencies.




Theme Sub-theme Indicator Category                       Unit                     Value

Use and Production Pattern

Overall Use  

Energy use per capita

TPES toe/person 0.53
TFC toe/person 0.41
Electricity Kwh/person 777.02
Overall Productivity Energy use per unit of GDP TPES toe/000’rupees 0.006
TFC toe/000’rupees 0.005
Electricity Kwh/rupees 9.55
Supply Efficiency Efficiency of energy conversion and distribution  









Reserves-to-production ratio All years 172
coal years 216.03
lignite years 140.97

Resources-to- production ratio

All years 402
Crude oil years 16.81
Natural Gas years 38.05
Coal years 483
Lignite years 1017



End Use


Sectoral Energy Intensities

Industry toe/000’rupees 0.013
Agriculture toe/000’rupees 0.001
Transport toe/000’rupees 0.02

Sectoral Electricity Intensities

Industry Kwh/000’rupees 19.17
Agriculture Kwh/000’rupees 10.66
Transport Kwh/000’rupees 3.23

Fuel shares in TPES

Crude Oil % 26.44
(Fuel Mix) Natural Gas % 4.77
Coal % 66.05
RE &Others % 2.74

Fuel share in TFC

Oil Products % 37.06
Natural Gas % 5.01
Coal % 41.08
Electricity % 16.85

Fuel share in electricity

Thermal % 74.11
Nuclear % 2.81
Hydro % 10.07
Non-Utility % 12.62








Net energy import dependency

Overall % 38.64
Crude Oil % 84.59
Natural gas % 33.95
Coal % 35.52
Electricity % 0.47
Strategic Fuel Stocks Stocks of critical fuels per corresponding fuel consumption  






About Ritesh Pothan

Ritesh Pothan, is an accomplished speaker and visionary in the Solar Energy space in India. Ritesh is from an Engineering Background with a Master’s Degree in Technology and had spent more than a decade as the Infrastructure Head for a public limited company with the last 9 years dedicated to Solar and Renewable Energy. He also runs the 2 largest India focused renewable energy groups on LinkedIn - Solar - India and Renewables - India
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