Category Archives: Solar

COAL COST CROSSOVER 2.0 – New solar and wind cheaper than 80% of existing coal in the US, report finds

EXECUTIVE SUMMARYCoal generation is at a crossroads in the United States, or more precisely at a “cost crossover.” Due to rapid recent cost declines for wind and solar, the combined fuel, maintenance, and other costs of most existing coal-fired power … Continue reading

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Energy subsidies: Evolution in the global energy transformation to 2050

SUBSIDIES, PRIVILEGES, UNPRICED EXTERNALITIES AND THE ENERGY TRANSITION In order to meet the Paris Agreement objective that the global temperature rise be kept to “well below 2 °C”, the global energy sector requires nothing short of a complete transformation, during the … Continue reading

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Renewable Energy Outlook: Lebanon

INTRODUCTION Country Background GeographyThe Lebanese Republic is a sovereign state located in Western Asia adjoining the eastern edge of the Mediterranean region from the south along a 79 km border. It has a total territory of 10 452 km2, with … Continue reading

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Recycle: Bioenergy

Introduction Climate change is one of the greatest threats of our era. Over the past decade, energy-relatedcarbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions have increased by 1% per year on average. If the historical trends were to continue, energy-related emissions would increase … Continue reading

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Reduce: Non-bio renewables

Introduction Climate change has become one of the greatest threats of this century to environmental, as well as global, security, with adverse impacts on health, wealth and political stability. Over the past decade, energy-related CO2 emissions have increased by 1% … Continue reading

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Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review 2020

RENEWABLE ENERGY AND JOBS Annual Review 2020 The renewable energy sector employed at least 11.5 million people, directly and indirectly, in 2019.1 Renewable energy employment has continued to grow worldwide since 2012, when the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) began … Continue reading

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Rise of renewables in cities

IntroductionCities are the economic engines of our planet, home to 55% of the world’s population and representing 80% of the global gross domestic product (GDP) (UN DESA, 2018). Urbanisation has improved societal well-being by expanding economic activities and business opportunities, … Continue reading

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Mobilising institutional capital for renewable energy

RENEWABLE ENERGY INVESTMENTS As the global energy transformation progresses, the investment profile of renewable energy is also changing rapidly. The amount of capital invested in renewable energy has grown substantially over the past decade. Capital flows reflect a growing variety … Continue reading

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Digitalisation & solar in emerging markets

DIGITAL SOLAR ENABLING ACCESS TO ENERGY IN OFF-GRID AND UNRELIABLE GRID CONTEXTS Around one billion people – mostly concentrated in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa – still live without access to electricity, and for hundreds of millions more, the electricity … Continue reading

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The Renewable Energy Transition in Africa

IntroductionOver the coming decades, the countries on the African conti-nent have the opportunity to address two fundamental energy challenges. First, they can achieve universal access to affor-dable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy services by 2030, as set out in the … Continue reading

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