A Just, Inclusive Transition Requires Workforce Readiness and Diversity

In today’s fast changing energy economy, renewables are building a new global workforce. With 12.7 million people employed in the clean energy sector in 2021, the renewable energy industry is becoming a job creation engine, according to IRENA’s new report on the latest global estimates of renewable energy employment.

Published by IRENA in collaboration with the International Labour Organisation (ILO), the ninth edition of the Renewable Energy and Jobs: Annual Review assesses impacts of the ambitious, yet achievable 1.5°C Scenario under which renewable energy jobs would rise from today’s 12.7 million to 38.2 million in 2030. Energy efficiency, electric vehicles, and hydrogen could employ another 74.2 million people by then.

Like in 2020, China was leading again with 42% of the global total renewables jobs last year, followed by the EU and Brazil with 10% each, and the USA and India with 7% each. Africa’s role is still limited, but the report points out that there are growing job opportunities in decentralised renewables, especially in support of local commerce, agriculture and other economic activities.

Presented during the Global Clean Energy Action Forum organised by the Clean Energy Ministerial in Pittsburgh, USA this week, the report indicates that most of the renewable energy job growth last year has come from solar and liquid biofuels with 4.3 million and 2.4 million jobs respectively. Wind power generated 1.3 million jobs worldwide, with Europe accounting for 40% of the world’s wind manufacturing output.

During the session titled ‘Job creation and gender balance in the energy transition’, IRENA’s expert, Michael Renner, said, “Jobs are vital for raising acceptance of the renewable energy within countries while helping to accelerate the energy transition, but the quality of the jobs must also be considered carefully.” He also pointed out how policies are crucial to power the energy transition that can realise wider socio-economic benefits.

While it’s clear that renewables are opening a whole arena of new jobs, the shift comes with its own set of challenges. With the clean energy transition picking up pace, skills development of the workforce is at centre stage. Other speakers in the session highlighted the importance of preparing the workforce for a renewable-based future. Debra Rowe, President of the US Partnership for Education for Sustainable Development talked about accelerating efforts to focus on workforce education.

A just transition will require new skills and build local supply chains that will result in more inclusion and diversity. The Annual Review 2022 says the availability of skilled labour is one potential bottleneck and calls for anticipatory educational and skill-building strategies. The report also highlights the importance of decent jobs for all, ensuring that jobs pay a living wage, workplaces are safe, and rights at work are respected.


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Investments in Egypt’s solar and wind energy approach $3.5 bln to produce 3570 megawatts

Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, Dr. Mohamed Shaker, affirmed that Egypt seeks to be a corridor for the transit of clean energy that the African continent enjoys.

“Egypt is keen to support the efforts of African countries to access clean energy from renewable sources,” he stated, explaining that there is a plan to localize the local industry related to the tasks of renewable energy plants, whether Solar or wind, in order to reduce costs and encourage investors to expand their investments in Egypt, while providing them with all facilities.
Shaker further said that investments in the renewable energy sector in Egypt are growing rapidly, as the capacities of the projects under development have witnessed a remarkable increase, reaching 3,570 megawatts, with foreign direct investment of nearly $3.5 billion, double its counterpart in 2020.

He added that 78% of the previous figure are for wind energy projects in the Gulf of Suez region on the Red Sea coast with high wind speeds, and 22% for solar energy.

The minister stressed that the past period witnessed the import of many renewable energy tasks, especially the requirements of the wind power station in the Gulf of Suez and solar cells, where 9,246 batteries and 5,843 current changers were imported, which indicates the growing role of these projects in meeting part of the demand for electricity.


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Mango selects Acciona Energía to supply 100% renewable energy for 10 years

The contract will cover the headquarters in Palau Solità i Plegamans (Barcelona), the logistics warehouse in Lliçà d’Amunt (Barcelona) and ten of the largest stores in Spain.

Mango, one of Europe’s leading groups in the fashion industry, and ACCIONA Energía, the world’s largest 100% renewable energy company with no fossil legacy, have signed an agreement for the supply of 100% renewable electricity for the next ten years.

Through this agreement, Mango will cover the entire electricity consumption of its headquarters in Palau Solità i Plegamans (Barcelona), its logistics warehouse in Lliçà d’Amunt (Barcelona) and ten of its largest stores in Spain, thanks to the 26 GWh/year of renewable electricity to be supplied by ACCIONA Energía.

This Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) will become effective on January 1, 2023, allowing Mango to reinforce its commitment to sustainability and its strategy to fight climate change thanks to the consumption of clean electricity.

Toni Ruiz, CEO of Mango, highlights that “the purchase of electricity through this long-term contract will allow Mango to advance in its sustainability commitments while guaranteeing an electricity supply at competitive price and avoiding the volatility linked to the electricity price in the market”.

Javier Montes, commercial director at ACCIONA Energía, said that “with this deal, we continue moving forward in our strategy to increase the volume of new supply contracts and medium and long-term PPAs for corporate customers, while contributing to decarbonize the energy consumption of our customers and reduce their electricity bill”.

This initiative is part of Mango’s Strategic Sustainability Plan, which aims to achieve zero net emissions by 2050. To this end, the company has set itself a double objective for 2030: to reduce its direct emissions and those generated by the energy it consumes by 80%, and to lower the emissions it produces in its supply chain, products and services, fuels and energies, transport and distribution, by 35%, all considering 2019 as the base year.


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Photovoltaic made in China

PV relies entirely on China, unlike wind power and concentrated solar power, and there is a risk of substituting China-made PV for reliance on natural gas and oil from Russia.

The world scored a new record in 2021, producing 132.8 GW of solar PV capacity installations, up from 125.6 GW in 2020. China accounted for 53 GW (40%) of the 2021 additions. It was followed by the United States, India and Brazil, all of which set new annual records. Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Spain and the Netherlands were the next largest sites of PV solar installations, but all of them failed to surpass their earlier peak volumes. Solar PV manufacturing is highly concentrated, at both the corporate and country level. Polysilicon is first processed into ingots and wafers, which are then manufactured into cells and assembled into odules. Among wafer producers, the market share of the top ten firms rose from 62% in 2016 to 95% in 2019. The top ten solar PV module manufacturers shipped more than 160 GW in 2021, giving them a 90% share of the global market. There is a significant degree of vertical integration among wafer, cell and module manufacturing operations. The vast majority of global solar PV manufacturing takes place in China, supported by substantial government ncentives and extensive research and development (R&D). For wafers, China has a near-complete monopoly, with 96% of global production in 2021. For cells, it commanded an 84% share of global capacities and 79% of production. For modules, the shares were 81% and 78%, respectively. Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam have become manufacturing and assembly hubs, principally for Chinese companies, together representing close to 9% of cell and module production. Elsewhere in Asia, India, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Singapore and Chinese Taipei account for another 10.5% of cell output and 7.6% of modules, respectively. Close to half of the world’s module production in 2021 was exported, following a steep increase in international solar trade over the past decade. Trade statistics echo the lopsided manufacturing landscape, with the bulk of the world’s PV manufacturing jobs found in China and Southeast Asia. In 2020, two-thirds of China’s total PV production of 124.6 GW was shipped abroad. By contrast, major solar installers such as Germany, Brazil, India and the United States are net importers. The European Union imported 84% of the modules it installed between 2017 and 2021, more than the United States (77%) or India.

Factors such as land, energy, capital and labour largely determine the location of segments of the solar PV manufacturing supply chain (and thus localisation possibilities and domestic job creation), but government industrial policies are a critical factor in shaping viable supply chains. Polysilicon production relies on large-scale capital investments; low-cost electricity and heat (given the energy-intensive nature of production, a big factor also in ingot and wafer production); and skilled labour. The growing automation of cell manufacturing requires access to state-of-the-art production equipment plus the engineers and skilled machine operators to run it. Tax breaks and low-cost land and electricity play a significant role in an industry with tight margins. The module production segment focuses on assembly and therefore does not require the same level of technical skill as cell fabrication. According to the US Department of Energy, 1 GW of production capacity (for crystalline silicon [c-Si] modules, which account for about 90% of all modules made) could generate anywhere from 1,085 jobs to 2,020 direct jobs across the full value chain, with variations by country and diverging degrees of automation and economies of scale across manufacturing facilities. Thin-film cadmium telluride (CdTe), which accounts for most of the remaining 10% of the global module market, is far less labour intensive and requires an estimated 400-600 direct jobs per gigawatt. The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates a similar range of 1 280-2 050 jobs per gigawatt for c-Si,3 but a lower figure of just 200 jobs for CdTe modules. IRENA estimates global solar PV employment at 4.3 million in 2021, up from about 4 million in 2020.
Of the ten leading countries, five are in Asia, two are in the Americas and two are in Europe. Together, the top ten accounted for almost 3.7 million jobs, or 87% of the global total. Asian countries host 79% of the world’s PV jobs, reflecting the region’s continued dominance of manufacturing and strong presence in installations. The remaining jobs were in the Americas (7.7% of all jobs), Europe (6.8%) (with members of the European Union accounting for 5.5%) and the rest of the world (4.9%).
China, the leading producer of PV equipment and the world’s largest installation market, accounted for about 63% of PV employment worldwide, or some 2.7 million jobs. Employment in PV and other solar technologies in the United States recovered from a dip in 2020, rising to 255 000 workers. PV employment in Europe is estimated at 268 000 in 2020, of which 235 000 are in EU Members States. India’s on-grid solar employment is estimated at 137 000 jobs, with another 80 600 in off-grid settings, for a total of 217 000 jobs. Japan added less capacity in 2021 than the previous year; IRENA estimates its workforce at 151 000. In terms of gender balance, solar PV fares better than the renewable energy sector as a whole and far better than the global oil and gas industry.


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In the January-August period, the installed capacity of wind power in China increased 16.6%

China’s installed capacity of renewable energy notched up rapid growth in the first eight months of the year amid the country’s pursuit of green development.

In the January-August period, the installed capacity of wind power increased 16.6 percent year on year to around 340 million kilowatts, while the installed capacity of solar power generation came in at 350 million kilowatts, up 27.2 percent, according to the National Energy Administration.

By the end of August, the country’s total installed power generation capacity reached approximately 2.47 billion kilowatts, rising 8 percent from a year ago, the data showed.

China has announced that it will peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

The country leads globally in installed capacities of wind, photovoltaic, hydro and biomass power, as it presses ahead with a green development path.


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Concentrated solar power

CSP had a global total installed capacity of 6,800 MW in 2021, up from 354 MW in 2005.[8] Spain accounted for almost one third of the world’s capacity, at 2,300 MW, despite no new capacity entering commercial operation in the country since 2013.[9] The United States follows with 1,740 MW. Interest is also notable in North Africa and the Middle East, as well as China and India. The global market was initially dominated by parabolic-trough plants, which accounted for 90% of CSP plants at one point.[10] Since about 2010, central power tower CSP has been favored in new plants due to its higher temperature operation – up to 565 °C (1,049 °F) vs. trough’s maximum of 400 °C (752 °F) – which promises greater efficiency.

Among the larger CSP projects are the Ivanpah Solar Power Facility (392 MW) in the United States, which uses solar power tower technology without thermal energy storage, and the Ouarzazate Solar Power Station in Morocco,[11] which combines trough and tower technologies for a total of 510 MW with several hours of energy storage.

As a thermal energy generating power station, CSP has more in common with thermal power stations such as coal, gas, or geothermal. A CSP plant can incorporate thermal energy storage, which stores energy either in the form of sensible heat or as latent heat (for example, using molten salt), which enables these plants to continue to generate electricity whenever it is needed, day or night. This makes CSP a dispatchable form of solar. Dispatchable renewable energy is particularly valuable in places where there is already a high penetration of photovoltaics (PV), such as California[12] because demand for electric power peaks near sunset just as PV capacity ramps down (a phenomenon referred to as duck curve).[13]

CSP is often compared to photovoltaic solar (PV) since they both use solar energy. While solar PV experienced huge growth in recent years due to falling prices,[14][15] Solar CSP growth has been slow due to technical difficulties and high prices. In 2017, CSP represented less than 2% of worldwide installed capacity of solar electricity plants.[16] However, CSP can more easily store energy during the night, making it more competitive with dispatchable generators and baseload plants.[17][18][19][20] The DEWA project in Dubai, under construction in 2019, held the world record for lowest CSP price in 2017 at US$73 per MWh[21] for its 700 MW combined trough and tower project: 600 MW of trough, 100 MW of tower with 15 hours of thermal energy storage daily. Base-load CSP tariff in the extremely dry Atacama region of Chile reached below $50/MWh in 2017 auctions.


A legend has it that Archimedes used a «burning glass» to concentrate sunlight on the invading Roman fleet and repel them from Syracuse. In 1973 a Greek scientist, Dr. Ioannis Sakkas, curious about whether Archimedes could really have destroyed the Roman fleet in 212 BC, lined up nearly 60 Greek sailors, each holding an oblong mirror tipped to catch the sun’s rays and direct them at a tar-covered plywood silhouette 49 m (160 ft) away. The ship caught fire after a few minutes; however, historians continue to doubt the Archimedes story.[24]

In 1866, Auguste Mouchout used a parabolic trough to produce steam for the first solar steam engine. The first patent for a solar collector was obtained by the Italian Alessandro Battaglia in Genoa, Italy, in 1886. Over the following years, inv?ntors such as John Ericsson and Frank Shuman developed concentrating solar-powered d?vices for irrigation, refrig?ration, and locom?tion. In 1913 Shuman finished a 55 horsepower (41 kW) parabolic solar thermal energy station in Maadi, Egypt for irrigation.[25][26][27][28] The first solar-power system using a mirror dish was built by Dr. R.H. Goddard, who was already well known for his research on liquid-fueled rockets and wrote an article in 1929 in which he asserted that all the previous obstacles had been addressed.[29]

Professor Giovanni Francia (1911–1980) designed and built the first concentrated-solar plant, which entered into operation in Sant’Ilario, near Genoa, Italy in 1968. This plant had the architecture of today’s power tower plants with a solar receiver in the center of a field of solar collectors. The plant was able to produce 1 MW with superheated steam at 100 bar and 500 °C.[30] The 10 MW Solar One power tower was developed in Southern California in 1981. Solar One was converted into Solar Two in 1995, implementing a new design with a molten salt mixture (60% sodium nitrate, 40% potassium nitrate) as the receiver working fluid and as a storage medium. The molten salt approach proved effective, and Solar Two operated successfully until it was decommissioned in 1999.[31] The parabolic-trough technology of the nearby Solar Energy Generating Systems (SEGS), begun in 1984, was more workable. The 354 MW SEGS was the largest solar power plant in the world, until 2014.

No commercial concentrated solar was constructed from 1990 when SEGS was completed until 2006 when the Compact linear Fresnel reflector system at Liddell Power Station in Australia was built. Few other plants were built with this design although the 5 MW Kimberlina Solar Thermal Energy Plant opened in 2009. In 2007, 75 MW Nevada Solar One was built, a trough design and the first large plant since SEGS. Between 2009 and 2013, Spain built over 40 parabolic trough systems, standardized in 50 MW blocks.

Parabolic trough

A parabolic trough consists of a linear parabolic reflector that concentrates light onto a receiver positioned along the reflector’s focal line. The receiver is a tube positioned at the longitudinal focal line of the parabolic mirror and filled with a working fluid. The reflector follows the sun during the daylight hours by tracking along a single axis. A working fluid (e.g. molten salt[41]) is heated to 150–350 °C (302–662 °F) as it flows through the receiver and is then used as a heat source for a power generation system.[42] Trough systems are the most developed CSP technology. The Solar Energy Generating Systems (SEGS) plants in California, the world’s first commercial parabolic trough plants, Acciona’s Nevada Solar One near Boulder City, Nevada, and Andasol, Europe’s first commercial parabolic trough plant are representative, along with Plataforma Solar de Almería‘s SSPS-DCS test facilities in Spain.

Parabolic trough at a plant near Harper Lake, California

Enclosed trough

The design encapsulates the solar thermal system within a greenhouse-like glasshouse. The glasshouse creates a protected environment to withstand the elements that can negatively impact reliability and efficiency of the solar thermal system.[44] Lightweight curved solar-reflecting mirrors are suspended from the ceiling of the glasshouse by wires. A single-axis tracking system positions the mirrors to retrieve the optimal amount of sunlight. The mirrors concentrate the sunlight and focus it on a network of stationary steel pipes, also suspended from the glasshouse structure.[45] Water is carried throughout the length of the pipe, which is boiled to generate steam when intense solar radiation is applied. Sheltering the mirrors from the wind allows them to achieve higher temperature rates and prevents dust from building up on the mirrors.[44]

GlassPoint Solar, the company that created the Enclosed Trough design, states its technology can produce heat for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) for about $5 per 290 kWh (1,000,000 BTU) in sunny regions, compared to between $10 and $12 for other conventional solar thermal technologies.

Solar thermal enhanced oil recovery

Heat from the sun can be used to provide steam used to make heavy oil less viscous and easier to pump. Solar power tower and parabolic troughs can be used to provide the steam which is used directly so no generators are required and no electricity is produced. Solar thermal enhanced oil recovery can extend the life of oilfields with very thick oil which would not otherwise be economical to pump.[57]

CSP with thermal energy storage

In a CSP plant that includes storage, the solar energy is first used to heat the molten salt or synthetic oil which is stored providing thermal/heat energy at high temperature in insulated tanks.[58][59] Later the hot molten salt (or oil) is used in a steam generator to produce steam to generate electricity by steam turbo generator as per requirement.[60] Thus solar energy which is available in daylight only is used to generate electricity round the clock on demand as a load following power plant or solar peaker plant.[61][62] The thermal storage capacity is indicated in hours of power generation at nameplate capacity. Unlike solar PV or CSP without storage, the power generation from solar thermal storage plants is dispatchable and self-sustainable similar to coal/gas-fired power plants, but without the pollution.[63] CSP with thermal energy storage plants can also be used as cogeneration plants to supply both electricity and process steam round the clock. As of December 2018, CSP with thermal energy storage plants generation cost have ranged between 5 c € / kWh and 7 c € / kWh depending on good to medium solar radiation received at a location.[64] Unlike solar PV plants, CSP with thermal energy storage plants can also be used economically round the clock to produce only process steam replacing pollution emitting fossil fuels. CSP plant can also be integrated with solar PV for better synergy.


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Hamburg WindEnergy 2022: Federal Minister Robert Habeck visits ENERCON stand

German Vice Chancellor and Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action unveils new E-175 EP5 5  

One of the biggest onshore wind energy trade fairs in the world has started today in Hamburg. Up to 35,000 visitors are expected to attend the WindEnergy 2022 over the three-day event. In addition to over 1,400 exhibitors presenting their innovations, an extensive conference programme will also be held. Right at the start of the fair, German Vice Chancellor and Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action Robert Habeck visited the ENERCON stand – his only visit of a company at the Hamburg WindEnergy. 

In conversation with ENERCON CEO Dr Jürgen Zeschky, the minister asked about the topic of “Made in Europe” and what politics could do to support the wind industry and accelerate the expansion of onshore wind turbines urgently needed to combat the energy crisis and climate change. 

ENERCON CEO Dr Jürgen Zeschky assured Robert Habeck of ENERCON’s support in the fight against the climate and energy crisis. In the presence of the ENERCON team and numerous visitors, the minister and the ENERCON CEO jointly unveiled a model of the new E-175 EP5 – “made in Europe” – at the exhibition stand.  ENERCON is currently advertising its current turbine types with the label ‘made in Europe’ in Hamburg. All main components except the tower (nacelle, generator, rotor blades) of the EP3 and EP5 – including the trade fair novelty E-175 EP5 – are manufactured at production sites in Europe.  At 175 metres, the new ENERCON top model has one of the largest onshore rotor diameters currently available in Europe. The turbine, which is optimised for low wind sites, has a rated output of 6 MW and will be launched on the market in 2024. 

‘Renewable energies are the key to reliable, crisis-proof and sustainable energy generation. Onshore wind energy converters are the pillars of independent energy supply and are indispensable in the fight against climate change’, says ENERCON CEO Dr Jürgen Zeschky. ‘With our trade fair appearance, we are demonstrating that we are ready to make our contribution to ‘Energy for the World’ with our innovative onshore technology.’   Alongside the E-175 EP5, ENERCON will also announce its new consultancy service for customers at the trade fair, which aims to facilitate their entry into the wind energy business. 


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Solar PV Employs More Women Than Any Renewables

New IRENA report shows that solar PV industry has the highest share of full-time women employees, reaching 40% in 2021. Solar photovoltaic (PV) has emerged to be the leading employer in the renewable energy sector, both in global number of employees and in gender balance. In 2021, the solar PV industry employs 4.3 million people—one-third of all renewable energy jobs worldwide. Women account for 40% of this number. It is almost double the share of women employed in the wind industry (21%) and the oil and gas sector (22%). It is also higher than the average share of women employed in all renewables sectors, which is 32%.

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)’s new report, Solar PV: A Gender Perspective, finds that women fare best in solar PV manufacturing, representing 47% of the workforce. Service providers and developers follow with 39% and 37%, respectively, while solar PV installers perform the least, with barely 12% of the segment’s workforce.

“A just and inclusive energy transition is not only about energy access. It is about making sure everyone is included and benefits from the process,” says Francesco La Camera, Director-General of IRENA. “The findings of our new report are promising and confirm renewable energy’s great potential as an equal employer, but they also signal the need to step up our efforts to pave the way for more women to lead the energy transition and shape our shared future.”

Presented at the 8th World Conference on PV Energy Conversion in Milan today, the report highlights the need for equal opportunities for women in technical positions in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) and in other professional fields, where they hold 38% and 32% of positions, respectively. Additionally, there is a wide space for women to take over more decision-making positions, as they currently hold 30% of managerial jobs and barely 13% of senior management posts in the solar PV industry.

Decentralised solar PV, on the other hand, seems to offer significant opportunities, as the off-grid solar PV value chain engages women both in delivering solutions and as beneficiaries. Driven in part by off-grid solar PV deployments, women account for 35% of other non-technical positions such as marketing, sales, distribution, and product assembly and installation. Based on IRENA’s global survey of some 1,300 individuals and organisations conducted in 2021, the report evaluates the role of women in the solar PV industry, highlighting barriers and opportunities. The most prominent barriers are perceptions of gender roles, lack of fair and transparent policies, as well as cultural and social norms that shape behaviour.

Raising awareness on gender equality, improving national as well as workplace policies, offering more training, networking opportunities and access to mentorships are all critical steps to level the playfield for women in the sector. These efforts are needed not only to increase the participation of women, but also to diversify the workforce by including the visions, talents and skills of all minority groups. This is the third report in the Gender Perspective series, which is an integral part of IRENA’s extensive research work on the effects of renewable energy deployment during energy transitions. The initial focus on employment creation and skills was expanded over time to cover other socio-economic elements such as gross domestic product, broader measures of welfare, local economic value creation, improved livelihoods and gender-differentiated impacts.


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Nordex Group obtains important product certificates for its 4 MW, 5 MW and 6 MW turbines

N163/5.X and N155/4.X turbines receive IEC Type Certification / Statement of Compliance for Design according to IEC awarded to the N163/6.X Hamburg, 29 September 2022. At the leading global wind summit Windenergy Hamburg, the Nordex Group punctually received three major certificates for turbines in the 4 MW, 5 MW and 6 MW class. TÜV SÜD has awarded the IEC Type Certificate, valid worldwide, in accordance with the IEC 61400-22 standard to the 5.X MW turbine N163/5.X. The Nordex Group also obtained from TÜV SÜD the official Statement of Compliance for design according to IEC and Type Approval certificate according to DIBt for the 6.X MW wind turbine N163/6.X.

In addition, UL Solutions also issued the IEC Type Certificate according to IEC 61400-22 standard for the N155/4.X turbine, first Type Certification for the 155 m rotor diameter platform. The IEC 61400-22 Type Certification is of particular importance for the international marketing of wind turbines. Investors, project planners and wind farm operators expect their wind turbine generators to be certified in accordance with international standards. In this context, IEC certification is usually considered a prerequisite for tenders for international wind power projects. This is a recognised procedure and a crucial step in the project certification process.

With these Type Certificates, the independent certification bodies have now officially confirmed that the theoretical design calculations for the N155/4.X and N163/5.X reflect the expected behaviour of the turbines as measured on the field. The evaluation reviews among others the power performance, measurements of mechanical loads during operation as well as the lifetime of the turbine type under different operating modes. Likewise, the rotor blades for both turbines have been successfully certified for a lifetime of at least 20 years based on dynamical, full-scale rotor blade tests. The turbines can be operated with standard rotor blades as well as, in the case of the N163/5.X, with anti-icing rotor blades for cold regions.

In addition to the Type Certificate for the N163/5.X, the Nordex Group also received the “Statement of Compliance for the Design Evaluation“ for the N163/6.X turbine in the 6 MW class from TÜV SÜD. This statement of compliance for the design is the first important prerequisite for the future IEC Type Certificate for this turbine type. The Nordex Group – a profile The Group has installed more than 41 GW of wind energy capacity in over 40 markets and in 2021 generated revenues of EUR 5.4 billion. The company currently employs a workforce of approx. 9,000. The joint manufacturing capacity includes factories in Germany, Spain, Brazil, the United States, India and Mexico. The product portfolio is focused on onshore turbines in the 4 to 6.X MW class, which are tailor-made for the market requirements of countries with limited space and regions with limited grid capacity.


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DNV confirms Nordseecluster wind farms will comply with German offshore regulations

Conformity Statements prove the safe and reliable design basis for joint wind projects of RWE and Northland Power.

At the WindEnergy Hamburg exhibition, DNV, the independent energy expert and assurance provider, has awarded two German offshore wind farms with Conformity Statements. The projects (N-3.7 & N-3.8) are both part of the Nordseecluster, which is jointly developed by RWE and Northland Power. The cluster has a total capacity of more than 1.5 GW and includes four offshore wind leases, which are located north of the German island of Juist. 

The certificates awarded by DNV are crucial for the first release by the German Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH). Only by obtaining full project certification and all BSH releases, the wind farms can go into operation. In this certification step, DNV confirms that the design basis of both wind farms meet the BSH standard and are supporting the development of safe and reliable offshore wind farms in Germany.  To meet climate goals, Germany has ambitious targets for the development of offshore wind and is trying to find ways to support the industry with minimal financial subsidies. The country plans to install 30 GW of offshore wind power by 2030, 40 GW by 2035, and 70 GW by 2045.  

“That the Conformity Statements have been awarded to us is a big step for the initial two projects of our Nordseecluster. In general it shows that the industry is maturing and offshore wind is becoming even more reliable and plannable,” explains Benjamin Miethling, representing Northland Power in the Management Board of the Nordseecluster.  

“The awarded certificates bring us in a unique position,” adds Sven Schulemann, RWE’s Managing Director of the Nordseecluster. “We will be able to re-use the work for the design basis now and bundle our procurement activities for all four sites of the Nordseecluster.”

Kim Sandgaard-Mørk, Executive Vice President of Renewables Certification at DNV

“Ensuring that renewable energy projects are realized in a very short time period while delivering safe and reliable energy is critical to further accelerate the energy transition in Germany,” says Kim Sandgaard-Mørk, Executive Vice President of Renewables Certification at DNV. “We are very pleased that our partnership with RWE and Northland Power is making a valuable contribution to reaching that goal and are looking forward to further support the Nordseecluster in the timely delivery of the full project certification for all of their offshore wind projects.” 

Fabio Pollicino, Director for Project Certification at DNV adds: “Germany has very ambitious plans for offshore wind and all stakeholders need to get up to speed. As time critical milestones are set by the BSH throughout the project, working in well-aligned partnership between the project developer and certification body is crucial. Each missed deadline causes costly delays. DNV has been able to issue the Conformity Statements in one of the shortest time periods we have ever seen without compromising on quality and safety. This shows that DNV is prepared to support our customers and the energy transition with the much-needed speed.”


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