Category Archives: Coal

Regulatory Menu for Integration of Renewables

Background Electricity is one of the essential energy carriers in the transition to decarbonisation. Various world economies are undergoing energy transitions driven by ambitions to achieve energy access, strengthen energy security and environmental conditions depending on internal priorities and challenges … Continue reading

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RENEWABLES READINESS ASSESSMENT BOTSWANA

COUNTRY OVERVIEW Botswana is a landlocked country located in central–southern Africa, with a mean altitude above sea level of 1 000 metres and a total area of 582 000 square kilometres (km2 ). The official languages are English and Setswana, … Continue reading

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Renewables Readiness Assessment

THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS INTRODUCTION RENEWABLES READINESS ASSESSMENTThe Renewables Readiness Assessment (RRA) is a tool developed by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) to comprehensively evaluate the conditions for accelerated renewable energy deployment in a country. It is a country-led, … Continue reading

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Renewble Readlness Assessment Paraguay

Introduction Country profileThe Republic of Paraguay is located in central South America and bordered by Argentina, Bolivia and Brazil. The country has a landlocked area of 406 752 square kilometres, divided into two natural regionsby the Paraguay River. The eastern … Continue reading

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A pathway to DECARBONISE THE SHIPPING SECTOR By 2050

Market dynamics and energy demandRising energy demand is a key issue for the shipping sector, with increasing trade leading to increasing demand. Factors such as global gross domestic product (GDP), as well as trade and manufacturing sector activity have been … Continue reading

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SECTOR COUPLING IN FACILITATING INTEGRATION OF VARIABLE RENEWABLE ENERGY IN CITIES

INTRODUCTION The importance of cities in shaping global climate action Cities are a key driver of global economic growth, which over the past half century has been powered primarily by fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas), as illustrated in … Continue reading

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RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET ANALYSIS

BACKGROUND AND SOCIOECONOMIC OVERVIEW Africa is a continent rich in land, water and energy resources, with a young and fast-growing population. Already the world’s youngest continent, it is expected to grow to nearly 2.5 billion people by 2050, 80% of … Continue reading

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Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation The Hydrogen Factor

FOREWORDThe accelerating deployment of renewables has set in motion a global energy transformation with farreaching geopolitical implications. The report “A New World”, released in 2019 by IRENA’s Global Commission on the Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation, was the first foray … Continue reading

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TOWARDS A PROSPEROUS AND SUSTAINABLE AFRICA

INTRODUCTION Energy supply has long been recognised as a crucial catalyst to advance economic and social development goals globally. Economic activities typically require the availability of sufficient, affordable, and reliable energy. Public institutions also need an adequate supply of electricity … Continue reading

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SCALING UP BIOMASS FOR THE ENERGY TRANSITION

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY As one of the fastest growing regions in the world in terms of gross domestic product (GDP), population, and demand for both food and energy, Southeast Asia has a strong need to decarbonise its economies and modernise its … Continue reading

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